It's not easy to border the Notary' role in the current legal system, mostly in Latin civil law countries. Many people from Common Law Countries believe that the notary public (notaio) performs the same function as a lawyer, solicitor or attorney (avvocato), but they are wrong.
First thing first, Notary is an impartial legal and business advisor: Notaio is a qualified law expert who operates in every area of law such as real estate transactions, family, property inheritance, asset, corporate, rural, local authority, and many others. He has a particular duty to inform and advise his clients on the legal, financial and tax consequences of their project and to suggest the legal instruments best able to implement it. So there's a benefit in using notaries and it's their breadth of expertise and experience.
The notary is also an interpreter: gathering together and expressing clearly the wishes of people involved in a transaction, is his main task.
With the status of public office-holder, the Notary enforces legal order: the notary is appointed by the Italian Ministry of Justice, acts on behalf of the Italian State and ensures full respect of the law by refuting any improper or illegal deed.
By this way, the Notary practices “preventive justice” discouraging any future litigation at no cost to the State (Francesco Carnelutti, a famous Italian Lawyer and Procedure Law Professor, once said “the more Notaries there are, less Judges you need”), and he fights money laundering too.
Last but not least, Notary is
That's why many States entrusted notaries with public registers and with important economic spheres as real estate, corporate law and financing: throughout the world reliance is placed on the truth of the matters stated in notarial acts.